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Monday, July 27, 2020 | History

2 edition of Dietary modifications designed to affect lipid metabolism found in the catalog.

Dietary modifications designed to affect lipid metabolism

Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station.

Dietary modifications designed to affect lipid metabolism

by Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station.

  • 151 Want to read
  • 16 Currently reading

Published by The Station in Ames, Iowa .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Lipids.,
  • Fat.,
  • Metabolism.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementIowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station.
    SeriesResearch bulletin -- 600., Research bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station) -- 600.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination100 p. ;
    Number of Pages100
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15194083M

    Introduction. Excessive ectopic lipid deposition is linked to a number of pathologies, especially insulin resistance, which is a key feature of obesity and type 2 diabetes ().Yet, the molecular mechanisms responsible for lipid-induced insulin resistance remain poorly understood ().Many high-fat feeding studies have been conducted in rats or mice, but a number of the described . Subjects included are epidemiology of diet, lipids and heart disease, the role of dietary components in lipid metabolism and the use of diet in preserving health.

    Objective: The current study was designed to determine the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on serum lipid profile, glucose, liver enzymes activity (AST and ALT), malonic dialdehyde (MDA) as well as lipid hydroperoxide (LPO) concentrations in rats fed diet differing in type of dietary . Lipids have been closely related to risk of a variety of metabolic disorders such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Compelling evidence has shown that diet/lifestyle interventions may affect.

    Title: Microsoft PowerPoint - Chapter_16 Author: RogersAL Created Date: 3/21/ PM. The most widely used plasticizer, di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), is known to affect lipid metabolism and adipogenesis. We studied the effects of dietary DEHP exposure on metabolism in rats as well as the role of the JAK/STAT pathway in this process. Eighty rats were exposed to DEHP (0, 5, 50 and mg/kg/d) through dietary intake for 4 weeks.


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Dietary modifications designed to affect lipid metabolism by Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Modification of Lipid Metabolism is a collection of proceedings presented at the Symposium on Modification of Lipid Metabolism, held during the American Chemical Society meeting in Atlantic City, New Jersey, on September Effect of diet modification on lipid metabolism.

The levels of total cholesterol (TC, A), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL, B), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL, C) and triglyceride (TG, D) were detected in the control, HFR, HFA and HFF groups. Data are presented as means ± SD (n ≥ 6 in each group).Cited by:   Background.

Alimentary factors, in particular saturated fats and cholesterol, can significantly alter the liver metabolic processes, affect lipid metabolism, biosynthesis of the fatty acids and the lipoproteins formation [].The results of the experimental and clinical observations have contributed to clarification of the role of fatty acids varying in the degree of saturation in Cited by: Disorders of lipid metabolism.

Lipids are large, water-insoluble molecules that have a variety of biological functions, including storing energy and serving as components of cellular membranes and that line the small intestine absorb dietary lipids and process them into lipoprotein particles that enter the circulation via the lymphatic system for eventual uptake by.

These modifications reprogrammed epigenomes at the promoter and enhancer silently (without affecting the corresponding gene expression) and persisted for a long time, unless it was exposed to later life adverse diet, challenging the metabolic system.

One of the crucial genes that underwent this reprogramming was Egr1(Early Growth Response 1), which regulates liver metabolism. The present study has been designed to investigate the impact of dietary iodine intake on lipid metabolism in mice, including iodine deficiency and iodine excess.

Different amounts of iodine mixed in the drinking water were continuously administered to mice. The body weights and the levels of urinary iodine were measured 8 months after the treatment. 8 weeks rearing trial was designed to estimate the dietary lysine requirement, and evaluate the effects of dietary lysine on glycometabolism and lipid.

Therefore dietary fatty acids in the non-ruminant are absorbed unchanged before incorporation into the tissue lipids. Dietary lipid sources have a direct and generally predictable effect on the fatty acid composition of pig and poultry products and the supply of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) to tissues may be simply increased by increasing.

HDL metabolism is complex, but one role of HDL is to obtain cholesterol from peripheral tissues and other lipoproteins and transport it to where it is needed most—other cells, other lipoproteins (using cholesteryl ester transfer protein [CETP]), and the liver (for clearance).

Its overall effect is anti-atherogenic. The effect of dietary fiber on cholesterol metabolism has been studied extensively. 2, 3 Barley and oats have a similar concentration of soluble fibers called β-glucan (%–% of the dry matter), whereas wheat and rice do not posses this constituent type of fiber.

4 Unlike wheat and rice, 5 – 10 a diet high in β-glucan has been shown. Garcia, Pilar A. and Kies, Constance () "Dietary modifications designed to affect lipid metabolism," Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station Research Bulletin: Vol. Article 1. The mechanism of how black garlic effects lipid metabolism remains unsolved.

Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine the effects of black garlic on lipid profiles and the expression of related genes in rats fed a high fat -two.

Lipid metabolic disorders due to poor eating habits are on the rise in both developed and developing countries, with a negative impact of the Western diet on sperm count and quality.

Dietary lipid imbalance can involve cholesterol, fatty acids, or both, under different pathophysiological conditions grouped under the term dyslipidemia. The general. Dietary SCFA intake improves hepatic metabolic conditions. We further examined changes in lipid metabolism.

Although plasma triglycerides (TGs), non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs), and total. In addition, they can influence the composition of the gut microbiota and induce the production of short-chain fatty acids that beneficially affect glucose and lipid metabolism.

In short, the knowledge of food characteristics able to retard carbohydrate digestion and absorption in the intestine can help modify food properties with the aim of. Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes are associated with a clustering of interrelated plasma lipid and lipoprotein abnormalities, which include reduced HDL cholesterol, a predominance of small dense LDL particles, and elevated triglyceride levels.

Each of these dyslipidemic features is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of the dietary inclusion of hemp seed oil (HO) and poppy seed oil (PO) on the lipid metabolism and antioxidant status of lean and genetically obese Zucker rats.

The rats were fed a control diet for laboratory rodents or a modification with HO or PO. Both oils reduced body and epididymal fat and liver cholesterol. In the years since the initial report of the beneficial responses to restricting dietary methionine to %, significant effort has been devoted to understanding the mechanistic basis for the effects of dietary MR on energy balance, lipid metabolism, and insulin sensitivity.

In the subsequent sections, the similarities and differences between. Altered metabolism of lipids is currently considered a hallmark characteristic of many malignancies, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Lipids are a large group of metabolites that differ in terms of their fatty acid composition.

This review summarizes recent evidence, documenting many alterations in the content and composition of fatty acids, polar lipids. Ether lipids account for up to one-fifth of the human phospholipid pool, and inborn errors of metabolism that abolish ether lipid synthesis result in severe pathologies.

Cellular and circulating phospholipids are primarily diacyl lipids consisting of long-chain fatty acyl residues esterified at the sn-1 and sn-2 positions of the glycero. We have evaluated dietary recommendations for people diagnosed with familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH), a genetic condition in which increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is associated with an increased risk for coronary heart disease (CHD).

Recommendations for FH individuals have emphasised a low saturated fat, low cholesterol diet .The experiment was designed to clarify the effect and molecular mechanism of maternal genistein (GEN) on the lipid metabolism and developmental growth of offspring chicks.

Laying broiler breeder (LBB) hens were supplemented with 40 mg/kg genistein (GEN), while the control group was fed with the low-soybean meal diet.

Impact of sc- and lc- inulin on cholesterol metabolism. At the end of the dietary intervention, plasma cholesterol and triglyceride levels were not different among the experimental groups (Fig. 2A.